Using passive voice in academic writing is not encouraged and so professors often say to avoid passive voice in your assignment writing. Can you write without using passive voice? Well, it is challenging but not impossible. Secondly, the rules behind this statement do not entail avoiding writing passive voice at all. It is meant for you to write a majority of sentences in active voice whereas very few in passive voice are acceptable. There are many ways to avoid passive voice in your writing but before we need to learn more about the passive voice itself. We will also highlight the differences between active and passive voice before proceeding further.
What is passive voice?
In an active voice sentence, the subject of the sentence is playing out an activity. While in the passive voice, the subject is going through an activity as opposed to performing it.
If you are feeling trapped between these two terms, read an example of active and passive voice below.
For instance, ‘’jack cooked food’’. This sentence is an active voice sentence.’’
Food was cooked by the jack’’. This is a passive voice sentence.
You can see the difference. Active voice sentence is simple and precise whereas the opposite is wordy. Therefore, two main reasons to correct passive voice are to avoid wordiness and writing exactly what it means.
Another issue with utilizing passive voice is that it makes the object of the activity the subject of the sentence, which can make the sentence hard to follow.
Passive Voice in Academic Writing
The reason why the passive voice in academic writing is not encouraged is that it does not convey the meaning precisely. In other words, it compromises “clarity”, “conciseness” and “concreteness” out of 7Cs that are important ingredients of effective communication. Therefore, to avoid a distorted message the passive voice is evaded in academic writing.
Why Learn How to Avoid Passive Voice?
In the academic writing, it is about proposing a theory or testing hypothesis or stating the search results so it needs to be clear. Find the following passive voice examples to learn how complex it could be.
• Passive Voice Example 1: The canine was prepared by his proprietor in about fourteen days.
• Passive Voice Example 2: The game’s vehicle was driven by an alcoholic driver.
Following are the active voice examples of the above statements.
• Active Voice Example 1: The proprietor prepared the canine in about fourteen days.
• Active Voice Example 2: An alcoholic driver drove the game’s vehicle.
Hence, there are major differences between active and passive voice sentences that prove using passive voice is vulnerable. That is the reason why editors at Royal British Essay Writers prefer to use an active voice for writing. An active voice is clear to the readers and so is encouraged in scholarly writing. Therefore, it is important to know, ‘How to Avoid Passive Voice’ in your scholastic papers.
Instructions to Avoid Passive Voice in Academic Writing
To write your academic documents more clearly and precisely, below are the best tips to avoid passive voice.
Stage 1: Identify the voice of the sentence
• Ensure that the verb in the sentence is a ‘to be’ action word + a past participle. Past participle action words customarily end with – Ed.
• Check if the sentence ends with by. As passive voice sentences end with by and a pronoun or a noun. For instance, by him/her (pronoun), or by Jack (noun).
Stage 2: Evaluate the sentence against the motivation behind your writing
• Make sure to add the practitioner that would be easily readable for the audience.
• Is passive voice use to describe history? Passive voice can be used to portray something and that can be acceptable.
Stage 3: Change the passive voice to active voice where needed
If you think a sentence will be more clear and concise in an active voice then transform it. A good tip that professional essay writers use is to review the passive voice once finished writing to make it clearer. Put the practitioner of the sentence at the beginning of the sentence for an active voice.
A Quick Way to Fix Passive Voice
Students often feel trouble changing the passive voice sentence into active voice whereas it can be achieved in many ways. For instance, you can make active voice from passive voice with grammar checking software. Moreover, Microsoft Word has also developed a passive voice checker. It automatically underlines the passive voice sentences so you can manually correct them. Sometimes, the sentence itself changes to an active voice to encourage clarity.
Tips on How to Avoid Passive Voice in Academic Writing
Here are some tips that would guide you on how to avoid passive voice in academic writing.
- Firstly, to distinguish between the subject and verb in a sentence which brings clarity.
- Secondly, to identify the immediate object in the sentence. Also remember, not every sentence possesses an immediate object.
- Be aware of the subject position. Wisely make changes when needed.
- Try to keep up vital good ways from the action word “to be” at whatever point possible. Alternatively, spotlight on how you use it since it is typically associated with latent voice.
- Keep practicing active voice in your document.
How Might I Check My Paper for Passive Voice?
To certify whether you are reading active or passive voice. Look at the “to be” action word if it’s present. On the off chance that you see a past participle after “to be”, you are unquestionably overseeing a detached voice.
You can identify a passive or active voice by reading the sentence that what occurred in the sentence. If the sentence seems precluded or it looks quite stretching or long then you are presumably seeing passive voice. Due to the mentioned reasons professors always suggest to avoid passive voice in your assignments.
Your readers and professors will not encourage you if you keep using passive voice in your academic writing. The reason to avoid passive voice in your assignments is to bring clarity, conciseness, and concreteness in writing. Imprecise or wordy sentences do not create value or understanding. Therefore, to avoid using passive voice in your assignment you can use grammar checking software or manually detect with the abovementioned tips. We hope this guide will help you write perfect assignments that deserve good grades.